#Indigenous peoples, #Коренные народы, #Declaration, #Декларация, #ООН, #UN

10 years of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

10 years ago, on September 13, 2007, at its 62nd session the United Nations General Assembly adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The document has concentrated states' obligations to protect and restore the rights of indigenous peoples, identified in various obligatory international agreements. Consequently, although the Declaration refers formally to the so-called "soft law", experts consider it to be a legally binding document.

Ten years have passed since the adoption of the Declaration, the drafting of which took several decades. During this time, there has been a fundamental shift in understanding the consequences of the colonial approach that has been practiced for centuries on indigenous peoples around the world and has resulted in a significant loss of rights to this vulnerable group of the world's population. Thanks to the reassessment by many states of their actions in the past, at the international level, the system for the promotion of the rights of indigenous peoples has been and continues to be strengthened. The leading role in this process belongs to the United Nations, where it became extremely difficult to ignore the interests of the aboriginal population.

As a result of the consistent and persistent work of indigenous representatives, as well as the goodwill of States, the Declaration has acquired the status of a minimum standard in ensuring the rights of indigenous peoples. In 2014, meeting at the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples, all states of the world without exception reaffirmed their commitment to the Declaration as the most comprehensive and consensus international instrument. There are no states left in the world that would not declare that they are developing their legislation and law-enforcement practice "in the spirit of the Declaration."

However, there is still a lot of injustice in relation to indigenous peoples, many rights are ignored and not fulfilled - in a word, we are still very far from achieving the ends of the Declaration. The UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples has attempted to analyze the trends, positive and negative practices that accompany the implementation of the provisions of the Declaration. The UN Permanent Forms on Indigenous Issues, in collaboration with the University of Colorado, is holding a debate on September 13 and 14 on the history of the adoption of the Declaration, the current situation and the prospects for its implementation. You can watch the celebration event online.

On the occasion of the first anniversary of the Declaration, the Center "Young Karelia" publishes its full text in the Livvi-Karelian and Karelian languages. The translations were prepared by the initiative of "Young Karelia", they were checked by the Republican Termographic and Orphographic Commission under the Head of the Republic of Karelia and published on the UN website in the section of unofficial translations.

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